Undoubtedly, a modern kitchen without household appliances becomes a completely useless room. The kitchen should be technically equipped and convenient for cooking and for long gatherings at the table. In addition, it should look aesthetically pleasing and ergonomic. In modern kitchens, this is achieved through the use of built-in household appliances, which we will discuss below. It is important to note that household appliances should be chosen primarily based on your needs. Think about exactly which functions you really need: by giving up extra “bells and whistles” and functions that you will never need, you can save a lot.
First of all, it is important to have accurate measurements of your kitchen. You need to decide on the technique, its types and installation methods at the stage of planning and creating a kitchen project, because it will depend on it which furniture needs to be ordered.
BUILT IN OR NO?
Everyone knows that household appliances can be freestanding and built-in. In both cases, there are pros and cons.
Freestanding appliances fit quite poorly into the interior of the room, preventing the kitchen set from looking like a single whole. When buying it, you should remember that the refrigerator, stove, oven should be located at a distance of 10-15 cm from the wall. With built-in appliances there are no such difficulties – this is provided by the manufacturer. On the other hand, solo equipment is easier to replace if necessary or rearrange.
Built-in household appliances not only look harmoniously and fit into the interior, but also save space by functionally utilizing every centimeter. It can be either hidden (behind the kitchen facade) or open.
Most often built in:
Hob oven, extractor hood a dishwasher.
However, almost all household appliances in the kitchen have the ability to embed today: micronova stoves, refrigerators, coffee makers. The modern range of built-in household appliances is striking in abundance; you can find appliances in any style suitable for your interior: from high-tech with reflective surfaces to retro, made in the style of antiquity. Manufacturers create entire sets of perfectly matching pieces of equipment that look unusually stylish, aesthetically pleasing and uniform.
LOCATION OF HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES
It is not recommended to place a sink, dishwasher and built-in refrigerator near the stove or oven. It is better to make a small cabinet between them, for example, for storing dishes or detergents.
It is important that the front panels of the built-in appliances and cabinet doors do not interfere with each other freely open.
In addition, the location of household appliances depends on the location of sources of electricity and water, so take care in advance of the wiring of the wiring and the correct location of such water-dependent appliances as a dishwasher and washing machine.
Installation and installation of built-in household appliances should be entrusted to professionals. Built-in appliances combined with solo appliances provide a huge number of combinations of their location. It is worthwhile to carefully consider the creation of several options for individual projects, carefully consider which one will be ideal for you, because it depends on how comfortable and pleasant it will be to use all the functionality of the kitchen.
CHOOSE A SHOWER CABINET
Pay attention to the important functions and factors that should be considered about choosing an oven.
Tangential cooling function. Thanks to the powerful fan, an air barrier is created around the oven, and the air moving in it prevents heat leakage and protects the surface of the oven and kitchen furniture from overheating. Even at the highest operating temperatures, the oven door has a safe temperature, which eliminates the risk of burns. Thus, during cooking, the oven walls do not heat up, preserving your furniture.
Type of control: mechanical, electronic and combined. With a mechanical type of control, the rotary knobs are either “recessed” or conventional. In ovens with electronic control, touch or electronic control of functions is carried out using knobs, and information about the selected program and other values are displayed on the LED display. Combined control most often involves a combination of mechanical temperature controllers and program selection with a built-in electronic timer
Convection. For a more even cooking in the oven, use a convection fan. Convection is such a mode of heating the oven, in which air due to the functioning of the fan constantly circulates throughout the entire space of the oven. This seemingly simple process allows the dish to cook evenly from all sides. With the presence of a convection fan, you can forget about those cases when one part of your culinary creation burned out and the other remained raw.
Auto power off. This function allows you not to miss the moment that the dish is ready: after the time set on the timer, the oven itself will turn off, giving a sound signal.
Cleaning up. There are several ways to clean the oven: Easy-to-clean enamel and grease filters are the easiest. Contamination is removed manually and the surface facilitates easy cleaning. The inner surface of such an oven should be smooth. Catalytic purification system. In ovens with such a system, enamel has a porous structure. These pores absorb impurities, and then catalysis is carried out in them at a temperature of 140-200 ° C: decomposition of fat into carbon, water and organic residues. To clean the oven does not require the inclusion of a special mode with additional time. This system has a number of disadvantages, the main one is that not all pollution can be decomposed into the components listed above the first time. In addition, after 4-5 years, catalytic enamel loses its properties, replacement of panels is required. Enamel with catalytic properties does not cover the entire internal surface of the oven. The bottom and the door will have to be washed by hand, so choose a model with a smooth door with a small number of joints, otherwise you will have to clean every click. Pyrolysis. The oven may have a special “pyrolysis” cleaning mode, in which the internal surfaces are heated to 500 ° C. Pollution is literally “burned”, with an unpleasant odor. Therefore, we need an additional air purification system: smoke removal directly from the oven to the ventilation, there is a special hole for this. To clean the oven, you must enable a separate mode. The purification cycle takes from 90 to 150 minutes.
Today, ovens with a glass facade are relevant, they not only look aesthetically pleasing, but also easier to clean. When buying, pay attention to the inner surface of the oven – it should be flat, which will facilitate the cleaning of the cabinet.
Oven on timer
The temperature sensor allows you to conveniently control the heating process of the oven.
When purchasing an oven, you should carefully study its installation dimensions. When making custom kitchens, you should first arrange and select equipment, and then order furniture for it. If you choose a built-in oven, you should know that there is a standard size of a niche for an oven – 60 cm.
The standard volume of the oven is 56 liters, but if you are used to cooking several dishes at the same time, you should take a closer look at the ovens with increased capacity: 65 or even 70 liters.
Each housewife chooses an oven individually, based on functional and aesthetic preferences, however, the main functions listed above will greatly facilitate the life of any housewife.
CHOOSE A COOKING SURFACE
The hob is a thin case (5-6 cm thick) equipped with gas or electric hobs. The hob is built into the cover of the countertop, but when placing it, the following conditions must be observed: the gas hob must be placed at a distance of 10-15 cm from the wall or furniture at least at a distance, the electric panel at a distance of 4-5 cm. They are divided into 3 types: gas, electric and combined (as a rule, 2 electric rings and 2 gas or 3 gas and 1 electric). They can be useful to those who know the advantage of a certain type of heating when cooking various dishes, as well as in the presence of interruptions in gas or electricity supply.
Both gas and electric hobs can have a width of 60 or 30 cm. The compact size is suitable for those who rarely cook.
We single out the main functions and characteristics that are important in gas hobs.
Gas control. This function provides safety by preventing gas leakage. The gas supply to the burner automatically shuts off if the flame goes out for any reason. This is due to a special sensor which, in the event of flame attenuation, closes the safety valve stem.
Electric ignition. On many gas-surface models, the gas-control system combines with electric auto-ignition. The electric ignition system integrated in the gas burner allows you to ignite the flame without using matches or a lighter. Electric ignition is automatic when the gas is ignited when the switch that opens the gas supply to the burner is turned, and mechanical, when after turning the switch, you must also press the special button on the control panel.
Placement of the control panel. The hotplate control panel can be located both on the front of the surface and on the side. In both cases, the handles are arranged so that they practically do not heat up when using the surface.
Turbo burner – this gas burner with three or two rows of flame. It allows you to achieve intense heating in a shorter period of time than a regular standard burner (one and a half times faster).
Cast-iron grates are the most practical option; they do not “burn out”, as is the case with enameled ones. In the process of use, cast-iron gratings are not deformed and retain their shape.
One cannot fail to note such a variety of gas panels as gas-on-glass surfaces in which burners are placed on a glass-ceramic platform.
The fixing fastenings of the cast-iron grating of such surfaces should be located on a metal base, which protects the glass from scratches and chips.
To summarize, highlighting the main advantages of gas hobs. Firstly, it’s the speed of cooking – on the gas panel there is a fast heating dish, which provides an opportunity to immediately begin cooking or frying.
Let’s pay attention to the characteristics that must be taken into account when choosing an electric hob
The main advantages of electric hobs are the absence of an open flame, the ability to maintain the desired temperature and stepwise regulation of heating.
Touch control not only facilitates operation, but is also very easy to care for. It is worth choosing surfaces with separate control of each burner – it will be more convenient and faster to use the device.
Beveled edge and stainless frame. The frame protects the edge of the panel from mechanical damage, and the beveled edges facilitate surface cleaning.
Expansion zones for large or oval dishes allow you to change and increase the heating zone with and with a large diameter of the bottom.
CHOOSE A HOOD
The hood is designed to take care of the air hygiene of the kitchen. We are talking about particles of fat, soot and fumes that continuously circulate in the kitchen and settle on the ceiling, furniture, walls and clothes, but most importantly, they are exhausted by the inhabitants of the house. The hood can be of different widths: modern manufacturers offer hoods with a width of 35 to 90 cm. The very first thing to consider: hoods are of two types, depending on the method of air purification. The first type is the exhaust hoods, which draw air in the room and through the ventilation system to which they are connected, bring it out to the street. The second type is purification or recirculation hoods, these include models that are not connected to the ventilation system and purify the air by themselves using filters. They have a carbon filter that removes odors.
Pay attention to the selection criteria for the hood.
Noise level. Any hood is noisy, but you should take care of choosing a relatively quieter model. It is advisable to give preference to hoods with a noise level of up to 62 dB.
Power, or performance. Namely – the volume of air that the hood exhausts for 1 hour of operation (cubic meters / hour). The hood should draw 10 volumes of the kitchen in 1 hour. Thus, to calculate the productivity it is necessary: to multiply the volume of the kitchen by 10, but if it is often cooked in the room and also smoke, then it should be multiplied by 15. The best option for a medium-sized room is an extractor fan with a capacity of 650 to 1000 cubic meters / hour.
The hood control can be mechanical push-button, electronic push-button, as well as touch. Some hoods even have a remote control.
Filters as we found out above, a carbon filter is required in recirculation hoods. But it is also worth mentioning the grease filters, which release air from suspended particles, such as combustion products, grease, etc. Such filters can be of cassette type, they are easily removable and can be washed in a dishwasher.
Lighting. Do not neglect such an important point as the presence of light sources on the hood: when cooking, the cooking surface under the hood needs good lighting. However, it is worth choosing an “economical” light: for example, a halogen backlight or LED lamps that consume a minimum amount of electricity.
CHOOSE A DISHWASHING MACHINE
Dishwashers are 45 or 60 cm wide, the volume of the machine must be selected based on the number of people in the family and the size of the kitchen. On average, a machine with a width of 45 cm holds up to 9 sets of dishes, and a width of 60 cm – up to 12. We highlight the main points that you should pay attention to when choosing a dishwasher:
Incomplete loading. The half load function is very useful if there is not enough dishes. In this case, only the lower basket of the unit is loaded. The dishwashing cycle is thus reduced in time, reducing the consumption of electricity and water.
Programs. Pay attention to many different programs, the use of which depends on the degree of pollution and the type of dishes. For example, quick washing (rinsing for lightly soiled dishes), intensive washing, washing fragile dishes and so on.
Profitability in water and electricity consumption. It is desirable that the water consumption is up to 12 liters per 1 cycle. The energy consumption of economical dishwashers corresponds to classes A, B and C and is usually 1-1.2 kW.
Notification of completion of washing. At the end of the work, the machine beeps.
CHOOSE A KITCHEN SINK AND A MIXER
When buying a sink, always check whether it is included in the kit:
Fasteners siphon and overflows.
Most often, sinks are made for washing bases (the size of the cabinet where the sink is installed). The most common sizes are 45, 60, 80 and 90 cm. The depth of the sinks varies from 16 to 20 cm. The most important point that you should pay attention to is the material from which the sink is made. As a rule, this is either stainless steel or artificial stone, which is 70-80% composed of natural components, the rest is acrylic resin.
Each material has its own disadvantages and advantages. Stainless steel sinks are good because they are more hygienic and easier to clean. They are quite noisy when used (the sound from the impact of water on the sink is louder than in sinks made of stone). Artificial stone has a wide palette of color solutions; it is easier to choose the tone of the kitchen.
Before buying a mixer, decide how it is more convenient for you to regulate the temperature and pressure of the water: with one lever or with the help of two valves.
The height of the spout of the mixer should be selected taking into account the depth of the sink and the growth of households.
Also pay attention to the shape and height of the mixer so that you can easily fill it with water or wash a tall pan. Ideally, if the mixer is selected in the color of the sink – it looks harmonious.
The selection of appliances and the selection of furniture for the kitchen are inextricably interconnected processes that require careful planning. Selection and placement of equipment have a decisive influence on the operational properties of the kitchen. Company professionals.
Simple will always advise and help in choosing the set of equipment that you need.